modal verbs), but some more you may not. Ex: Ich will nichts essen. For instance, this constructions is often used when a sentence consists of two verbs. Some of these you’ll already be familiar with (e.g. Now, let’s come to the correct usage of German infinitive clauses. German - Infinitive: Verbs, zu - to, Infinitive Sentence - Grammar - . Ich habe das Universum nicht besucht I have often been in Bremen. Only through it can one find the necessary context for understanding the infinitive clause. Third, the verbs of movement also indicate the German infinitive without “zu”. The infinitive is the basic form of all verbs and ends in "-en" e.g. So without further ado, let’s learn. Furthermore, there are certain phrases and verbs that introduce this type of subordinate clause. JOIN our free club and learn for free now! Infinitive - zu - to . Learn for free... Games; All our sites. There are alway two possibilities of constructing the sentence: with and without 'zu'. It is an “infinitivskonstruktion”, an infinitive construction, made using zu and the verb's infinitive. An infinitive clause is particularly dependent on the main clause of the sentence for its meaning. In german there are some situations whereby you don’t need to add a ‘zu’ before the infinitive. Ich war oft in Bremen. “Jonas hat das Buch vor sich liegen.” – Jonas has the book lying in front of him. Placement tests. i) Modal Verbs + (brauchen) when used as a modal verb. Exercises. Tr: I don’t want to eat anything. I have not visited the Universum. It is the form that can be found in dictionaries. Marks. The construction with 'zu + infinitive' is used quite often in German and can be tranlated into english like 'in order to' or just 'to'. Click here to log in New account 4 million accounts created! In both English and German, infinitive clauses are a kind of dependent clause in which there is no grammatical subject, only an implied one, and therefore the verb is not inflected. The construction "ohne...zu" is used to limit or negate a statement. “Ich laufe Hilfe holen!” – I run for help. Sie sind in die U-Bahn gesprungen. Of course, we will have a closer look on some lists of these expressions in the following. gehen - to go, machen - to make, sehen - to see. Fifth, “lassen” and “schicken” take the infinitive without “zu”. Fourth, the verbs “haben” and “finden” in connection with lactions. Well, especially German infinitive clauses with the expression “um zu” represent the purpose of an action. It is never conjungated. Infinitive sentences with 'zu' in German. Club. Log in! When there are twi verbs, they can be connected with "zu" - to or without. Infinitive: 'zu': free exercise to learn German.