Students will have a difficult time remembering which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive. The teacher can write a list of verbs on the board and have students try to put them in categories for either gerunds or infinitives. These pesky grammatical components don’t care what level of English students are. An infinitive is a verb preceded by “to” that is used as a subject, object or complement of a sentence. ), Her hobbies include reading. Click here to get a copy. Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom, 5 ESL Listening Exercises to Sharpen Your Students’ Ears, How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson, 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget, 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old, 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons, 7 Irresistibly Fun ESL Video Activities to Teach Listening Comprehension. It’s especially important for lower-level students to have a list of such verbs. Alternatively, the teacher can hand out a list of common verbs for students to create their own categories. These strange grammatical outliers are not quite parts of speech, but serve sentences as different styles or parts of speech based on context and usage. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Gerunds/Infinitives. I love to drink a cup of coffee before running because it gives me an extra boost. (Gerund as an object. Some teachers neglect to include a review of the progressive tense when introducing gerunds in class. This will help students understand which verbs precede the gerund, infinitive or both. All Rights Reserved. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! Example: Larry was planning on hiking yesterday. Not to mention, it’s guaranteed to get your students excited about English! Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. Again, this is a straightforward definition for those of us with an understanding of grammar, but you can probably already see the potential for confusion in the classroom. Part 1 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial explains what gerunds and infinitives are and how to begin using them in everyday English. It’s especially important for lower-level students to have a list of such verbs. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. Most ESL teachers introduce gerunds along with infinitives, which most students find easier to understand. a gerund as a subject, an infinitive as a complement, etc.). Tip 1: Both gerunds and infinitives follow certain verbs — you’ll learn much more about which verbs below. Provide a few verbs and tell the students to use each one as an infinitive or gerund in different ways (i.e. (Infinitive as an object. Students will have a difficult time remembering which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive. Maintain flexible hours? This explanation will get students to only use gerunds as subjects and complements, but it will decrease the number of mistakes and awkward sentences. ), He enjoys reading for English class. This definition may seem straightforward to those of us who are native English speakers with an understanding of grammar. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. This site has exercises that can be graded online as well as thorough explanations. This exercise can also be used as a warm up to review the lesson in subsequent classes. The first few sentences should only contain a gerund, infinitive or progressive tense verb. (Gerund as a complement.). ), Henry wants to study English. It’s not as clear to everyone else. However, just reading through a list won’t help students remember the verbs. Depending on time constraints, the teacher can collect the exercise to check student progress. No way. If students are able to identify the gerund, infinitive and progressive tense in a sentence, they should also be able to identify and correct mistakes. Students should identify two mistakes in this sentence: one involving the progressive tense of the verb and the other involving what should be an infinitive. Make a positive impact? While students are writing their sentences, the teacher can go around the class and check the work to see where there may be problems or confusion. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, cartoons, documentaries and more—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons for you and your students. Now, we’re going to explore some effective in-class exercises that will make these distinctions clearer than ever for your students. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. It’s perfect for in-class activities, group projects and solo homework assignments. With more advanced students, you can include more academic vocabulary for them to use in essays. Students need to review the verb tense to better understand gerunds. Worried that students might be stumped by some of the harder videos? This should be the case for almost all example sentences for lower-level students. (Infinitive as a complement.). can take anywhere. ... 16,917 Downloads . If you’re really digging these ESL lesson ideas, then you’re going to love FluentU. Thanks for subscribing! See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Welcome! 11 Useful Tips to Boost Your Intermediate ESL Students’ Reading Comprehension, 7 ESL Video Activities That Your Students Will Love. (Download). Basic Gerunds and Infinitives. For more advanced levels of ESL, this should be a simple, brief exercise that can be written on the board with the entire class participating. It’s more effective to have the students write their own lists. I’ve also included example sentences and practice questions for you. The teacher can write a few example sentences on the board or provide worksheets in which these grammar points are used incorrectly. One exercise that can be used for this is to leave a blank after a verb in a sentence and ask students whether a gerund or infinitive would be appropriate. It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. The majority of your examples in class should focus on the gerund and/or infinitive. Students will be able to add them to their own vocabulary lists, and even see how the words are used in other videos. Part of the confusion for ESL students is that the –ing form of the verb implies the progressive tense. Reading helps students learn English. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Effective Exercises to Introduce ESL Students to Gerunds and Infinitives Showing when gerunds and infinitives are interchangeable. Take this opportunity to include verbs that are most common for the students’ level. To reinforce the differences between the gerunds, infinitives and progressive verb tenses, teachers need to provide an opportunity for students to identify each in sentences. ), He wants a better job to earn more money. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Bring English immersion to your classroom! ESL teachers and private tutors often complain of having a hard time explaining gerunds to their confused students. Point out where the gerund is and where the verb is. ESL students need to understand the basic idea that a gerund is an action being used as a thing or idea.