[39], The only other story involving Tethys is an apparently late astral myth concerning the polar constellation Ursa Major (the Great Bear), which was thought to represent the catasterism of Callisto who was transformed into a bear and placed by Zeus among the stars. [5], According to Hesiod, there were three thousand (i.e. She also educated Hera, who was brought to her by Rhea. [6] These included Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon[7] and was defeated by Heracles in a wrestling contest for the right to marry Deianira;[8] Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa and pursued her to Syracuse, where she was transformed into a spring by Artemis;[9] and Scamander who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War and got offended when Achilles polluted his waters with a large number of Trojan corpses, overflowed his banks nearly drowning Achilles. Representations of Tethys before the Roman period are rare. Tethys was one of the Titans, daughter of Uranus and Gaea. Tethys: GreekMythology.com - Nov 29, 2020, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App. TETHYS (Têthus), a daughter of Uranus and Gaea, and wife of Oceanus, by whom she was con ceived to be the mother of the Oceanides and the numerous river-gods. One of these is a fourth-century AD mosaic from a pool (probably a public bath) found at Antioch, now installed in Boston, Massachusetts at the Harvard Business School's Morgan Hall and formerly at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C. (Dumbarton Oaks 76.43). [29] But, in a later Iliad passage, Hypnos also describes Oceanus as "genesis for all", which, according to Gantz, is hard to understand as meaning other than that, for Homer, Oceanus was the father of the Titans. [48] Tethys probably also appeared as one of the gods fighting the Giants in the Gigantomachy frieze of the second-century BC Pergamon Altar. ", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, “A Note on the Dumbarton Oaks ‘Tethys Mosaic’”, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tethys_(mythology)&oldid=981752777, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Budelmann, Felix and Johannes Haubold, "Reception and Tradition" in, Williams, Dyfri, "Sophilos in the British Museum" in, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 07:20. )Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. [47] Accompanied by Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, Tethys follows close behind Oceanus at the end of a procession of gods invited to the wedding. [53] Tethys, reclining on the left, with Oceanus reclining on the right, has long hair, a winged forehead, and is nude to the waist with draped legs. During the second to fourth centuries AD, Tethys—sometimes with Oceanus, sometimes alone—became a relatively frequent feature of mosaics decorating baths, pools, and triclinia in the Greek East, particularly in Antioch and its suburbs. Information about Tethys. [40], In Ovid's Metamorphoses, Tethys turns Aesacus into a diving bird. )," but that, "By Hesiod's time the myth may have been almost forgotten and Tethys remembered only as the name of Oceanus' wife. Here Tethys, with a winged forehead, rises from the sea bare-shouldered, with long dark hair parted in the middle. Thetis , is a figure from Greek mythology with varying mythological roles. The Titan Goddess Tethys. I. Fast. 136, 337 ; Apollod. "[43] This possible correspondence between Oceanus and Tethys and Apsū and Tiamat has been noticed by several authors, with Tethys' name possibly having been derived from that of Tiamat.[44]. [51] Her identifying attributes are wings sprouting from her forehead, a rudder/oar, and a ketos, a creature from Greek mythology with the head of a dragon and the body of a snake. Although Tethys had no active role in Greek mythology and no established cults,[2] she was depicted in mosaics decorating baths, pools, and triclinia in the Greek East, particularly in Antioch and its suburbs, either alone or with Oceanus. Her daughters are the Oceanids, all sea nymphs of a very festive nature and fond of flowery garlands. i. 31. Tethys played no active part in Greek mythology. [41], Tethys was sometimes confused with another sea goddess, the sea-nymph Thetis, wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles. The seas and waters of the Earth hold many mysteries, and within the shining lights upon the waves can be found the Titan daughter of Gaia and Theog. A ketos twines around her raised right arm. To appease Hera, Tethys denied the constellations from being able to touch the sea and fall below the horizon; instead, they were forever doomed to circle the sky. Tethys was the daughter of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaia (Earth), two primordial Greek deities; the parentage of Ouranos and Gaia ... Tethys and the Rise of the Titans. [31] In his Cratylus, Plato quotes Orpheus as saying that Oceanus and Tethys were "the first to marry", possibly also reflecting an Orphic theogony in which Oceanus and Tethys—rather than Uranus and Gaia—were the primeval parents. Wages, pp. Toward the end of the period represented by these mosaics, Tethys' iconography appears to merge with that of another sea goddess Thalassa, the Greek personification of the sea (thalassa being the Greek word for the sea).