A mixed-method approach means that such research will use both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Pragmatism, school of philosophy, dominant in the United States in the first quarter of the 20th century, based on the principle that the usefulness, workability, and practicality of ideas, policies, and proposals are the criteria of their merit. Pragmatism Research Philosophy As I have been investigating cases of designers moving from 2D to 3D environments or the opposite, in order to see how they have handled their creativity between the two spaces, I happened to stumble upon a very interesting case of 3D to 2D in Jayne Pilling’s book called ” 2D and Beyond”. Pragmatic epistemology The reasons behind philosophical classifications of the study need to be provided. The third foundation of philosophy that is really important for quality of research and has really made school, especially in symbolic interactionism for instance, is pragmatism. The pragmatism paradigm follows both positivism and interpretivism to seek the answers to the problems. Your research philosophy can be pragmatism, positivism, realism or interpretivism as discussed below. Pragmatism research philosophy accepts concepts to be relevant only if they support action. In this, he says pragmatism is a ‘philosophy for engineers’, waiting theories that they conform to the wishes of men of action, or men of faith. Pragmatism is open to criticism – though much writing on research simply ignores Pragmatism or stops at noting its association with mixed methodology. The first section introduces the core principles of pragmatism, along with the stance that experiences cannot be separated from the social contexts in which they occur. Pragmatism as a research paradigm finds its philosophical foundation in the historical contributions of the philosophy of pragmatism and, as such, embraces plurality of methods. The second section uses the work of John Dewey to develop a more specific approach to pragmatism with a particular emphasis on Dewey's concept of research as a form of inquiry. As for Popper, he believed that pragmatism leads to confusion between science and technology, assimilating scientific theories to … Therefore, this research paradigm would suggest a mixed-method approach to research. Past research can inform action however researchers cannot claim to offer ‘anywhere, anytime’ answers or incontrovertible ‘best practice’ (for example, Biesta and Burbules, 2003). You need to discuss the implications of your research philosophy on the research strategy in general and the choice of primary data collection methods in particular.