15, Apr. [3] This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses. The association also strived to commemorate minority nurses on their accomplishments in the registered nursing field. [9], From 1911 to 1912, Mahoney served as director of the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum for black children in Kings Park, Long Island, New York. [9] Nevertheless, families who employed Mahoney praised her efficiency in her nursing profession. After a three-year battle with breast cancer, Mary Mahoney died on January 4, 1926 at the age of 81 and was buried in Everett, Massachusetts. [21][20], ^ According to Mary E. Chayer of Teacher's College, Columbia University, an unverified report gave Mary Eliza Mahoney's birth date as April 16, 1845 in Roxbury. Thoms. Mahoney’s small stature – weighing in at around 90 pounds – did not limit her energy and drive. In 1879, Mahoney was the first African American to graduate from an American school of nursing. Mahoney was inducted into both the Nursing Hall of Fame and the National Women's Hall of Fame. On this date in 1845, Mary Mahoney was born. [13], In 1896, Mahoney became one of the original members of a predominantly white Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada (NAAUSC), which later became the American Nurses Association (ANA). At a young age, Mahoney was a devout Baptist and churchgoer who frequently attended People's Baptist Church in Roxbury. [9] The NACGN members gave Mahoney a lifetime membership in the association and a position as the organization's chaplain.[11]. On August 1, 1879 Mary Eliza Mahoney made nursing history by becoming the first African-American graduate nurse in the United States. [5] As soon as the New England Hospital for Women and Children was created she then began to show an interest in nursing at age 18. In the early 1900s, the NAAUSC didn't welcome African-American nurses into their association. Mary's parents taught her at a very long age the importance of racial equality. At eighteen, she began working at the New England Hospital for Women and Children as a cook and cleaning woman. Mahoney's parents were freed slaves, originally from North Carolina, who moved north before the American Civil War in pursuit of a life with less racial discrimination. Many other books are available that document the contributions of blacks in the 18th and 19th centuries, including those of Mary Mahoney. Susan Muaddi Darraj has published the book, Mary Eliza Mahoney and the Legacy of African-American Nurses (Women in Medicine). She was admitted into a 16-month program at the New England Hospital for Women and Children (now the Dimock Community Health Center) at the age of 33, alongside 39 other students in 1878. She began working as an untrained practical nurse but soon found that she needed to make more money. One of many goals that Mahoney had hoped of achieving, was to change the way patients and families thought of minority nurses. The 16-month program was very rigorous and consisted of 16-hour days. In retirement, Mahoney was still concerned with women's equality and a strong supporter of women's suffrage. [11] When NACGN merged with the American Nurses Association in 1951, the award was continued. In 1896, Mahoney joined the newly formed and primarily white Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada, later known as the American Nurses Association (ANA). Because of their slowness in accepting black members, she helped form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and spoke at their first convention in 1909. Mahoney was admitted into the Phillips School at age 10, one of the first integrated schools in Boston, and stayed from first to fourth grade. Mary Ellen Doona, "Mary E. Mahoney, 1845-1926" American Association for the History of Nursing. It is said this instruction influenced Mahoney's early interest in nursing. MARY ELIZA MAHONEY By: Jazmin Saenz IMPORTANCE OF CONTRIBUTION CONTRIBUTION TO NURSING RESOURCES Mary was born into free slaves. Mary Eliza Mahoney, First African American Nurse. The oldest of three children, she became interested in nursing as a career when she was a teenager. Nursing schools in the South rejected applications from African American women, whereas in the North, though the opportunity was still severely limited, African Americans had a greater chance at acceptance into training and graduate programs.