Gugler, Josef 1961 Die neuere franzosische Soziologie: Ansätze zu einer Standortbestimmung der Soziologie. He had a direct influence, however, on French ethnology, inspiring such figures as A. Métraux, M. Leenhardt, M. Griaule, G. Dumézil, R. Bastide, and L. Dumont. "Essai sur le don. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Mauss wrote extensively for the Journal of Normal and Pathological Psychology and served as president of the Society of Psychology from 1923 to 1926. Mauss’s influence is particularly difficult to measure because of his deep involvement in collaborative work with Durkheim and others. The essay appeared in L'Année sociologique, which Durkheim had just founded in 1898. PAINLEVé, PAUL Translated and edited with an introduction by Rodney Needham. ." Forme et raison de l'échange dans les sociétés archaïques" ("Essay on the gift. ." The political work of Mauss consists of a large number of reflections and invaluable "reflections" where he combines and expresses, as he recognizes himself, the fervor of the scholar and the politician. In charge of the section on religious sociology, Mauss was one of its leading contributors. . ." Journal de psychologic 18:425–434. Pages 281–310 in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et anthropologie. Paris: Alcan.→ A collection of previously published articles. Mauss’s influence is especially hard to identify in these areas because his work has entered into the common theoretical inheritance, often operating through the medium of colleagues and disciples. Forme et raison de l'échange dans les sociétés archaïques" [Essay on the gift. He studied the history of religion at the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes under Louis Finot, Sylvain Lévi, Auguste Carrière, and A. Meillet in the Section des Sciences Historiques et Philologiques and under Alfred Foucher, Israërel Lévi, and Léon Marillier in the Section des Sciences Religieuses. Mauss, Marcel. Neuwied (Germany): Luchterhand. Although Mauss worked on a minimum of five books on a variety of topics, including the origin of money, nationalism, and prayer, he did not complete any of these works. "In this sense then, it could be said that sociology is a kind of psychology …" (Mauss, 1901). American Anthropologist New Series 56:58–73. Mauss, Marcel. . He worked with the Mouvement socialiste and he took part in founding the new Société de librairie et d'édition with Lucien Herr and Charles Andler. New York, 2000. Like Durkheim, he supported Dreyfus and Zola, and he was a leading member of the Dreyfusard Groupe des Etudiants Collectivistes. Mauss was active in French political life participating in the support of *Dreyfus, and in the socialist and cooperative movements. Mauss, Marcel. Trieste, Italy, 2002. . . Encyclopedia.com. ." . In 1897–1898 he made a study tour to Leiden, Breda, and Oxford, where he worked with Tylor. He focused on a comparative study of forms of contract and exchange in Polynesia, Melanesia, and northwest America, with supplementary reference to evidence from early Roman, Hindu, and Germanic literature. Univ. In addition to their major joint work, “De quelques formes primitives de classification” (Durkheim & Mauss 1903), he compiled statistical tables for Durkheim’s study of suicide, and they collaborated in writing reviews. Together with Henri Hubert, in 1904 Mauss published in L'Année sociologique the important "Esquisse d'une théorie générale de la magie" [Outline of a general theory of magic], demonstrating that here the laws of collective psychology transgress the laws of individual psychology. He then studied Sanskrit and Indian texts and, as Foucher’s assistant from 1900 to 1902, taught the history of the religion and philosophy of pre-Buddhist India, in 1901 succeeding Marillier to the chair in the his-tory of the religion of “noncivilized” peoples, which he occupied for the rest of his career. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.→ First published in Volume 7 of Année sociologique. Annales sociologiques Series A 1:1–56.