This observation is not applicable when the growth has been regarded by some condition which may be remedied, if the treatment is given in time. When a child wants something, he uses his whole hand to point at the thing he wants. In this strict sense ‘growth’ means an increase in size. For example, the human body cuts his molars before his incisors, can stand before he walks and can draw, a circle before he can draw a square. When we will look at the parts of the body, we can also say that each part has a different growth rate. For example, it is wrong to expect a primary school child to appreciate abstract concepts and theories. and updated on March 30, 2013, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Differences Between Growth and Development in Psychology, Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Difference between an infant and a toddler, Difference Between Growth and Development, Differences Between Growth and Development in Biology, Difference Between Progress and Development, Difference Between Hemoptysis and Pseudo Hemoptysis, Difference Between Communicable and Noncommunicable Disease, Difference Between Virulence and Pathogenicity, Difference Between Herd Immunity and Passive Immunity, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Psychology. Idiots and imbeciles are often the smallest of the feebleminded group. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the growth and development in a child. It must be noted that maturation and learning are closely related: one influences or retards the other. For example, ‘arms’ do not grow larger but they also develop because they improve in their functions. An emotional disturbance may contribute to difficulties in eating or sleeping. The parts of the body continuously grow given the proper nutrition it needs. Thus maturation is the inner growth process unaffected by training. Many aspects of development can only be measured at the ordinal level (eg. This was a good article and it was interesting. The first teeth seem to appear suddenly, but they start developing as early as the fifth fetal month: they cut through the gums about five months after birth. The consequence is that it is possible for us to predict at an early age the range within which the mature development of the child is likely to fall. For a quick differentiation about growth and development, psychology defines “growth” as “the physical change that a particular individual undergoes.” On the other hand, psychology defines “development” as “the overall growth of humans throughout their lifespan.” Development includes the understanding of how and why people change in terms of physical growth, intellectual, emotional, social, and other aspects of human growth. Although, it is suggested that there are definite developmental stages such as ‘gang age’ or ‘adolescence’, yet it is a fact that growth continues from the moments of conception until the individuals reaches maturity. “Growth” and “development” always come in pairs. There are many thinkers who give a wider connotation to the term growth. Reasoning develops at a relatively slower rate. Humans are very interesting subjects. The baby waves his arms in general and makes random movements before he is capable of such a specific response as reaching out for a specific object. In this strict sense ‘growth’ means an increase in size. Even the specific phases of development such as motor, social and play follows a pattern also. It is very interesting to watch humans grow and develop. Good physical growth, for example, through the provision of play, games and sports, is conducive to effective intellectual development, malnutrition has been found to be an important factor that retards development: hence, teachers and parents should cooperate in cultivating among pupils habits of balanced eating. 2. Jersild, while writing about the principles of development, remarks that one feature of the growing ability is its spontaneous use and wholeheartedness. Content Guidelines 2. The inter-relatedness of growth’ demands presentation of knowledge in an interrelated manner and its integration with action. 5. When a baby grows, his activities develop from head to toe. Development is qualitative. Some of these factors play a more important role than others. All of its aspects are closely inter-related: “It is impossible to understand the physical child without understanding him at the same time as a child who thinks and has feeling.” His mental development is intimately related to his physical growth and its needs. No amount of effort or exercise on the individual’s part or no amount of training will be adequate to bring up a trait to a desired standard if the trait is limited in its potentialities. Equipped with this knowledge they should provide suitable opportunities and favourable environmental facilities which are conducive to the maximum growth of children. It is self explanatory. The child struggles against these in his striving toward maturity. Since various aspects of growth are interrelated, parents and teachers should pay attention to all aspects. 4. Similarly, it has been found out, that personality differences are far more marked than either physical or intellectual differences. But as he grows older, his brain and muscles are developed. Development follows a pattern peculiar of the species Development occurs in orderly manner and follows a certain sequence. The process of growth involves conflicting impulses and demands. The principles of development have highlighted the importance of “individual differences” from one child to the other and from one stage to another. If they do so, they will only cause frustrations, heighten tension and nervousness in children.