(2001). "syncretism . Anthropologist J. Y. D. Peel cogently argued that syncretism was not central to AICs because these churches represented reinterpretations of Christianity but never encouraged a mixture of Christianity and tribal elements. Most American foods originated in other nations, like pizza, tacos, and egg rolls, and what’s more, we have made most of them more syncretic now, with Mexican fajita toppings on pizza, and Asian tacos. Viewed positively, syncretism seeks underlying unity in what appears to be multiplicity and diversity. . Terms in this set (...) Syncretism. ." Lateen Sail. (October 16, 2020). In searching for the origin of the word “syncretism,” Plutarch claimed to have found an example of syncretism in the Cretans, who reconciled their differences and came together in an alliance whenever they were faced with an external threat. It is possible, for example, for two groups to live in close proximity and largely ignore each other. It does so in the same way that Christianity refers to a diverse body of sects, o…, Peyote STUDY. In S. D. Glazier & C. A. Flowerday (Eds. In various senses syncretism and fundamentalism are opposites. How does syncretism relate to issues of entrepreneurship and to theories of modernization? Among American anthropologists, the term syncretism is most closely associated with Melville J. Herskovits, who is best known for his research on the survival of African cultural traits among blacks in the Americas. Peyote is a small, spineless cactus (Lophophora diffusa or Lophophora williamsii) native to high desert regions from north-central Mexico to s…, Christianity, derived from Judaism to become the dominant religion of western Europe and the driving force behind its civilization, has underpinned m…, synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation, Syndical Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers (FSTMB), syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/legal-and-political-magazines/syncretism, African-Latin American Religions: Overview, Religion in Mexico, Catholic Church and Beyond, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism-0, Mesoamerican Religions: Colonial Cultures, Religion, Western Perceptions of Traditional Religions, Religion, Western Perceptions of World Religions, Native Americans: Response to Christianization, Christianity and Colonial Expansion in the Americas, South American Indian Religions: History of Study. T. F. HOAD "syncretism SYNCRETISM. It represents a blending of schools of thought and is often associated with establishing analogies between two or more discrete or formerly separate traditions. ." The first Africans who arrived on North American shores brought their own religious worldviews with them…, The term extirpation is most commonly associated with the Catholic Church's project to eradicate traditional religious practices in the Americas afte…, Religiosity These religions analogized various Yoruba and other African gods and selected Roman Catholic saints. 16 Oct. 2020 . Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. In The African Religions of Brazil, Roger Bastide attempted to account for syncretism by stressing historical processes like conquest and migration. Perhaps the most syncretized New World religion is Brazilian Umbanda, combining African deities, French spiritualism (Kardecismo), local aboriginal spirits, African and Hindu deities, and North American aboriginal leaders. Syncretism is not a new phenomenon. 16 Oct. 2020 . A. Droogers, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Plutarch used a political meaning of the term in an essay titled “On Brotherly Love” (Peri Philadelphias), which appeared as a chapter in his Moralia. tic / ˌsingkrəˈtistik/ adj. Syncretism — the process whereby two or more independent cultural systems, or elements thereof, conjoin to form a new and distinct system — is among the most important factors in the evolution of culture in general, but especially in the history of religion. Social scientists generally v…, Neo-Paganism Contemporary celebrations of Christmas, Easter, and Halloween offer examples of syncretism in practice. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Failure to create it would influence greatly on the lives of people and their interaction. Because of its early history of Spanish colonization and rule, the official religion of the Dominican Republic is Catholicism. For this reason, anthropologists find it both necessary and informative to examine syncretism with respect to relations of power. A Dictionary of Sociology. In acculturation, the creative blending of indigenous and foreign beliefs and practices into new cultural forms. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. Genevieve Slomski