They will have to wait a while to collect any of that data, as the Europa Clipper mission is scheduled to arrive at the moon in approximately 2030. One of the co-authors of this new paper, Dr. Don Blankenship at the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics,  is also the principal investigator for REASON, and is focused on ensuring that his instrument is capable of collecting data that can test the hypothesis developed in this paper. Not only could some of the water have potentially stayed liquid after the impact, it could also have started moving around in the ice sheet itself. The Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft flew by Jupiter in the early 1970s, but the first spacecraft to image the surfaces of Jupiter's moons in significant detail were the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft. Admittedly the work so far is modeling based on preliminary data from Galileo. Learn More:Stanford: Stanford researchers model source of eurption on Jupiter’s moon EuropaGeophysical Research Letters: Brine Migration and Impact-Induced Cryovolcanism on EuropaUT: Even More Evidence that Europa has GeysersLead Image Credit: Justice Blaine Wainwright. Ice-covered Europa follows an elliptical path in its 85 hour orbit around our ruling gas giant Jupiter. [127] [158] Even if Europa lacks volcanic hydrothermal activity, a 2016 NASA study found that Earth-like levels of hydrogen and oxygen could be produced through processes related to serpentinization and ice-derived oxidants, which do not directly involve volcanism . https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/biological-universe/4599E17C7FAAECE4A87038C62039C755, Our Book is out! ITunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-guide-to-space-audio/id794058155?mt=2 Limited Time Only This item is NOT available in stores. As with almost all things science, further data is needed, and the team hopes to receive some from the Radar for Europa Assessment and Sounding: Ocean to Near-surface (REASON) instrument on the Europa Clipper mission. Scientists ponder the possibilities. Life could exist in its under-ice ocean, perhaps in an environment similar to Earth's deep-ocean hydrothermal vents. https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Today-Ultimate-Viewing-Cosmos/dp/1624145442/, Audio Podcast version: Life could exist in its under-ice ocean, perhaps in an environment similar to Earth's deep-ocean hydrothermal vents. In the 1960s, ground-based telescope observations determined that Europa's surface composition is mostly water ice, as are most other solid bodies of the outer solar system. Twitch: https://twitch.tv/fcain Instagram – https://instagram.com/universetoday, Team: Fraser Cain – @fcain / [email protected] The Guide to Space is a series of space and astronomy poddcasts by Fraser Cain, publisher of Universe Today, Episode 700: Interview: Wallace Arthur and the Biological Universe. But to ultimately find life on Europa, we have to get beneath the ice by one day putting a lander on the surface, potentially carrying a submarine. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbJ42wpShvmkjd428BcHcCEVWOjv7cJ1G, Weekly email newsletter: Scientists hoped that some of the ejected water could come from that ocean. [159] Heat generated from strong tidal flexing by Jupiter's gravity keeps Europa's salty subsurface ocean liquid all year round. It could then be sampled with a simple fly-by mission, such as Europa Clipper, rather than a submersible craft. The paper, written by an interdisciplinary team from Stanford, the University of Arizona, the University of Texas, and NASA’s JPL, used data from the Galileo spacecraft, which made multiple flybys of the moon. RSS: https://www.universetoday.com/audio, What Fraser's Watching Playlist: Going Under the Ice - YouTube The data they focused on Manannán, a crater that was created millions of years ago when the moon collided with a comet or asteroid sized object. Europa: Discover Life Under the Ice Poster Illustration Credit: NASA, JPL, Visions of the Future. While there have been tentative plans to send a submersible spacecraft to this ocean, we are still a long way from uncovering what lies in those depths. Sorry ! And More…, Episode 698: Open Space 95: Would SpaceX Have Survived without NASA? Guaranteed safe checkout: PAYPAL | VISA | MASTERCARD Click BUY IT NOW To Order Yours! The problem with looking for life on Europa is that we have no means to penetrate that ice sheet. But how do you drill through kilometers of ice to reach it?Sign up to my weekly email newsletter:https://www.universetoday.com/newsletterSupport us at: http://www.patreon.com/universetodayMore stories at: http://www.universetoday.com/Follow us on Twitter: @universetodayLike us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/universetodayGoogle+ - https://plus.google.com/+universetoday/Instagram - http://instagram.com/universetodayTeam: Fraser Cain - @fcain / frasercain@gmail.comKarla Thompson - @karlaii / https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEItkORQYd4Wf0TpgYI_1fwChad Weber - weber.chad@gmail.comChloe Cain - Instagram: @chloegwen2001References:https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/niac_2012_phasei_mccue_europa_tagged.pdfhttps://www.nasa.gov/content/exploration-of-under-ice-regions-with-ocean-profiling-agents-europa/#.WqrxNugbOUkhttp://www.apl.washington.edu/project/project.php?id=ice_diverhttps://www.indiegogo.com/projects/gladius-submersible-underwater-drone-technology#/https://www.princeton.edu/~naomi/theses/jggraver-thesis-4-11-05.pdfhttps://www.researchgate.net/figure/Comparison-of-Glider-Depth_fig1_275311043 Beneath the crust, a subsurface ocean of liquid water up to 100 kilometers deep is thought to exist. Europa is reckoned to be a potential cauldron for life because an ocean where life could evolve is believed to lurk beneath its icy surface. Posted on November 26, 2020 November 26, 2020 by Andy Tomaswick Geysers on Europa might come from pockets of water under the ice Observations have already confirmed the … https://www.universetoday.com/newsletter, Weekly Space Hangout: Here’s 2021, Hour by Hour, Stanford researchers model source of eurption on Jupiter’s moon Europa, Brine Migration and Impact-Induced Cryovolcanism on Europa, Even More Evidence that Europa has Geysers, https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Today-Ultimate-Viewing-Cosmos/dp/1624145442/, https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-guide-to-space-audio/id794058155?mt=2, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbJ42wpShvmkjd428BcHcCEVWOjv7cJ1G, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0-KklSGlCiJDwOPdR2EUcg/, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUHI67dh9jEO2rvK–MdCSg, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEItkORQYd4Wf0TpgYI_1fw, Episode 699: Open Space 96: The End of the International Space Station? https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0-KklSGlCiJDwOPdR2EUcg/, Astronomy Cast: Unfortunately, that means it is less likely that these geysers come from the sub-surface ocean, and therefore we are less likely to find biological signatures in them. The team modeled how the extreme heat released by the impact could have affected the local ice shelf. And More…, Episode 695: Q&A 130: Does the Dark Forest Explain the Fermi Paradox? We’re now learning that icy worlds seem to be the best places in Solar System where life could be hiding. More stories at: https://www.universetoday.com/ [127] [158] Even if Europa lacks volcanic hydrothermal activity, a 2016 NASA study found that Earth-like levels of hydrogen and oxygen could be produced through processes related to serpentinization and ice-derived oxidants, which do not directly involve volcanism . (Printed And Shipped From The USA) View Coffee Mug Item Details. Observations have actually currently validated the presence of a sub-surface ocean on Europa, and th