Of the 308 bird species recorded on Madagascar, 108 are found nowhere else on earth, and a handful of others are shared only with the neighbouring Comoro Islands, 2 have been declared extinct, 36 are globally threat… The following restricted-range species are also found in the region: The following seabirds are restricted to the region as breeders: Species endemic to other islands or island groups in the region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Endemic_birds_of_Madagascar_and_western_Indian_Ocean_islands&oldid=925207715, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Madagascar partridge is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced on the Mascarenes, Madagascar buttonquail is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced on the Mascarenes, Madagascar turtle dove is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but is thought to be an, Grey-headed lovebird is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced to the Comoro Islands, Madagascar fody is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced to many of the other islands in the region, Sinclair, Ian and Olivier Langrand (2003), This page was last edited on 8 November 2019, at 15:21. It is dark reddish-brown with whitish cheeks and throat and a white tail. Other locations include sandbars and mangrove forest edges. The female lays 6 to 9 eggs and incubates them for 26 days after which they hatch. They form larger flocks when feeding or roosting. It has a green patch with white borders on the wings. The following is a list of species endemic to other islands. It experiences a tropical climate along the coast, temperate inland and arid climate in the south. Madagascar is the fifth largest island in the world, and is found located off of the southeast coast of Africa. The bird occurs singly or in pairs and sometimes may form flocks. It ranges along the west coast from Morombe to Diego in the north. Conservation programs have initiated captive breeding of the species. Some of the Madagascan biodiversity is threatened by extinction. The bird breeds from May to October and has a maximum clutch size of two, but only one bird per nest survives. The young ducklings are brown above and yellowish beneath and on the face. Madagascan Pochard (Aythya innotata) Madagascan Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus vociferous). The juvenile resembles the female but its paler brown. Listed as endangered, the bird faces threats like habitat degradation and loss and hunting pressure. The Madagascan Pochard is a medium-sized bird. The under tail is white with a white bar on the wing. Madagascar breeds the birds in seven protected areas and has enacted legislation inhibiting hunting of the birds. Each of these birds receives 1/2 to 2/3 of a page. The male is chestnut brown with brown flanks and a white belly. The main threat to this bird is the range of environmental changes, agricultural practices, pollution, and siltation. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds. It lives in estuaries, marine islands, mangroves, the freshwater lakes, and rivers in the Antsalova region. Madagascar declared the rediscovery location of the bird, Lake Alaotra a land of national importance and efforts to conserve the habitat of the birds are underway. Among the endangered birds of Madagascar are Van Dam's Vanga Bird (xenopirostris damii), the Slender-Billed Flufftail (sarothrra watersi), and the Sakalava Rail (Amaurornis olivieri), All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Brazil's Critically Endangered Endemic Birds, Which Birds Can't Fly? The following is a list of species which are not endemic to a specific island (or island group) but are endemic to the region as a whole. The bird was extinct since 1991 and recently sighted in 2006. The bird has a brown plumage with brown flecks and streaks. It is also a critically endangered bird on the IUCN Red List. Its beak is gray, its eyes are dark brown, and its feet are orange-brown. Faced with the threats of extinction, Madagascar continues to protect its endemic endangered birds through such efforts as captive breeding, legislation, and declaration of their resident locations as sites of national importance. The Madagascan fish eagle is the largest raptor in Madagascar.