The Capsicum genus includes several species of peppers (Capsicum annuum, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum pubescens, Capsicum baccatum), and some of these species include various quite different varieties. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. “Hot chili peppers”, “Cayenne peppers”, “Jalapeños” and “Bell peppers” belong to the species: Capsicum annuum. Posted by Horseshoe (Efland, NC - Zone 7a) on Nov 11, 2012 10:42 AM. The novelty of the information of this manuscript resides in the addition of species distribution modeling and paleobiolinguistics data, combined with genetic and existing archaeobotanical data, to trace back the geographic origin of a crop, namely domesticated pepper, Capsicum annuum . It contains some of the hottest peppers to exist, including the world record holder 'Carolina Reaper'. Capsicum Chinense has a bushy growing plant. Bhut Jolokia (a.k.a. Cont. J Environ Sci Health B 44(2):179–184 PubMed Google Scholar Antonious GF, Meyer JE, Snyder JC (2006b) Toxicity and repellency of hot pepper extracts to spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1732 3 of 18 Table 1. Capsicum Species Origin C. annuum C. frutescens C. chinense C. baccatum C. pubescens Not Identiﬁed Malaysia 10 -- -- -- -- 2 Species : Capsicum chinense; Type : landrace; Origin : Brazil; Plant : upright; Chillies : medium size, pendent; Shape : round, fluted; Flavour : sweet, fruity Capsicum chinense is a pepper species native to parts of South America. As with all other Chilies, the original area of origin is located in today's South and Central America. "Ghost Peppers") was considered the hottest available until 2009 when Trinidad Scorpion was proven to be higher on the Scoville scale. The harvest is very productive. Antonious GF, Berke T, Jarret RL (2009a) Pungency in Capsicum chinense: variation among countries of origin. CGN 21500. Meanwhile, however, the hot Capsicum Chinense Chilies are also successfully cultivated in many other parts of the world. Capsicum baccatum è una delle 5 specie principali del genere Capsicum, che comprende peperoni e peperoncini.Contiene molte varietà, sia ornamentali che eduli. Where do these varieties come from?