The leaves of all the Tilia species are heart-shaped and most are asymmetrical. The thin bark of the tree is easily damaged by fire, limiting its presence in the western part of its range on the Midwestern prairies. Feel free to ask anything about herbs, flowers, trees, fruits, vegetables, bushes, mushrooms, and more. All of the Tilia species may be propagated by cuttings and grafting, as well as by seed. Share your knowledge about herbs, trees, fruits and vegetables, their healing properties, gardening, cooking, plants identification and everything green! Active ingredients in the Linden flowers include flavonoids (which act as antioxidants) and volatile oils. Flowers emit a beautiful and relaxing scent, sometimes it can be too strong. Growing best in nonacidic soils but still tolerating them, basswood prospers in U.S. Department of Agriculture winter hardiness zones 3 through 8. Questions and answers about gardening, planting, cooking, preserving, healing, health benefits, spices, plants identification and everything about herbs and nature. In fact, in some parts of its range basswood is known as the bee-tree. Smaller-leaved European linden species often are favored over basswood trees in ornamental landscapes. Grow basswood in regions with pronounced winter cold in soils that are deep, fertile and loamy. It grows best in neutral to alkaline soils (pH over 7.0) but is successful in acidic soil types, too. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! In late spring to midsummer, depending on the climate, the trees produce pendent clusters of fragrant, tiny greenish yellow flowers. Basswood or Linden tree grows to a height of 30 to 40 meters. Even Plants Have Brains, Scientists Discover, Healthy Fruit Combinations And Fruit Combinations You Should Avoid, Why It Is Important To Check Before You Touch Or Eat Plants When Traveling, Gardening Tricks: How You Can Use Epsom Salt In Your Garden, Natural Mosquito Repellents – Plants, Which Keep Insects Away, Crataegus or Hawthorn – Species With Medicinal Properties, Basswood or Linden Tree Interesting Facts And Uses, Linden Tree Healing Properties | . You can eat flowers, the leaf buds and young leaves raw. These critters also may eat the nutlets in fall and aid in their seed dispersal across the landscape. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees. Most medicinal research has focused on Tilia cordata. The plant also contains tannins that can act as an astringent. The tree can produce seeds when as young as eight years and continue to 100. What’s the name of this vine? Also, what is the best way to kill grass growing at base of steps or between concrete sidewalk squares? In autumn the leaves turn shades of yellow, gold and brown before dropping off. Slavic people used to plant linden close to churches, houses, and important meetings places. It grows faster than many North American hardwoods, often twice the annual growth rate of American beech and many birch species. Linden wood was often used by Germanic Tribes for constructing shields. The flower of this tree is blooming in summer, in late June and early July. The double-flowered species of Tilia are used to make perfumes. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. But be careful, as reputedly some lime trees (tilia) are poisonous for some bee species and less toxic for others, or have at least a narcotic effect. The American basswood is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 18 to 37 m (60 to 120 ft) exceptionally 39 m (128 ft) with a trunk diameter of 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft) at maturity. The early summer flowers are small but numerous, attracting honeybees with the fragrant sweet nectar. Basswood leaves are made of glossy reddish brown twigs and are broadly oval-shaped, dark green above and glossy green underneath. Basswoods are a traditional timber tree around the Great Lakes, providing a pale-colored soft wood for furniture, pulp and toys; it is particularly favored for hand-carving projects. The gray but thin bark on the straight trunk of basswood trees supports a well-branched structure of spreading, upright and slightly arching branches. They believed that lightening would not hit the holy tree, so people hid underneath it during thunderstorms. Flowers may be also hepatoprotective. "Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs"; Michael A. Dirr; 1997. Prune off suckering twigs that arise from the tree trunk base, as they appear to prevent a thicket in garden landscapes. In late spring to midsummer, depending on the climate, the trees produce pendent clusters of fragrant, tiny greenish yellow flowers. Bast (a type of fiber) obtained from the inside of the bark of the Tilia tree has been used by the Ainu people of Japan to weave their traditional clothing, the attus. Welcome to the world of plants in questions & answers! A coppice of Tilia cordata in Westonbirt Arboretum in Gloucestershire is estimated to be 2,000 years old.